remember ving

In English, the verb “remember” means “to recall” or “to NOT forget” something. However, the exact meaning of “remember” depends on the structure of the sentence.

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There are 2 structures we can use with “remember”:

  1.  “remember” + infinitive size of a verb
  2.  “remember” + ING size of a verb (gerund)

The meaning of “remember” in both of these structures is slightly different.

Look at these 2 sentences:

Lock car
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Mark remembers to lock the siêu xe. correct
Mark remembers locking the siêu xe. correct

Both of these sentences are grammatically correct. But the meaning is very different. In this lesson, you will learn the difference.

“remember” + infinitive

Look at this sentence:

Mark remembers to lock the siêu xe.

There are 2 actions in this sentence. The first action happens before the second action:

Action 1: Mark remembers
Action 2: Mark locks the car

(Mark does not forget. He thinks and recalls that he must not forget đồ sộ lock the siêu xe.)

Therefore the meaning of “remember” + infinitive is: Do not forget đồ sộ tự an action that happens after the thought.

First, we remember (think) and then we tự the action.

The infinitive size of a verb is:  “to” + the base size of the verb.

Example 1

Mother: “Remember to brush your teeth after breakfast.”

This means: “Do not forget đồ sộ brush your teeth after breakfast.”

Action 1: Remember (think / tự not forget)
Action 2: Then brush your teeth

Example 2

Mark remembered đồ sộ call his mother.

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This means that Mark did not forget đồ sộ Điện thoại tư vấn his mother.

Action 1: Mark remembered. He thought. He did not forget.
Action 2: Then Mark called his mother.

“remember” + ING size (gerund)

Now let’s look at this sentence:

Mark remembers locking the siêu xe.

The order of the 2 actions is the opposite:

Action 1: Mark locks the siêu xe.
Action 2: Mark remembers that he has locked the siêu xe. (Mark recalls it in his mind. He is therefore certain he has already locked the siêu xe.)

Therefore “remember” + ING form (gerund) means: “to recall an action that happened before the thought.”

First, we tự the action and then we remember the action.

Compare this meaning đồ sộ “remember” + infinitive. It is a subtle but important difference.

The general rule for forming the ING size of a verb is đồ sộ take the base size and add “ing”. However, there are exceptions. For all the rules on how đồ sộ size the ING size of a verb, read this lesson: ING size of verbs

Example 1

“My teeth are clean. I remember brushing them after breakfast.”

Action 1: Mark brushed his teeth after breakfast.
Action 2: Now he remembers (recalls). So he doesn’t need đồ sộ brush them again.

Example 2

“I remember calling my mother from the office.”

Action 1: David called his mother.
Action 2: Now he remembers.

If someone now tells David đồ sộ Điện thoại tư vấn his mother, he will say:

David: No I have already called her.
Jane: Are you sure?
David: Yes, I remember calling her from the office.

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