The results of ample amounts of surveys and the conclusions of myriad amount of researches conducted on the topic have shown positive correlation between action movies and display of negative behaviour by individuals that watch them. It is true that people of all ages are affected by movies that exhibit some sườn of violence. However, adults are less likely lớn get influenced by them as compared lớn children and adolescents. This is the case because adults are in a better position lớn distinguish between reality and fiction. Children and adolescents bởi not have the same level of maturity and are hence more vulnerable lớn get negatively affected by action movies.
This answer will primarily look at two questions; firstly, how bởi viewers especially the young get negatively impacted by action movies and secondly, how can the adverse effects of violent movies be interpreted in the light of the Cultivation Theory.
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It has already been iterated that children and adolescents are more prone lớn getting negatively affected by action movies than thở their adult counterparts. In addition lớn exhibiting aggressive tendencies, they also tend lớn get immune lớn violence in general. This process of getting immune is also known as desensitization. Desensitization or indifference is not the best of traits lớn grow up with as it numbs the emotions of a person. If the emotions are numb then engagement in delinquent or criminal behaviour becomes easier. With every additional delinquent or criminal, the crime rate of any given society undergoes an increase. An escalation in crime rate can certainly not be seen as positive and thus can be categorized as a negative impact. What starts as casual action movie viewing in early years may result in serious delinquent or violent behaviour in later years. Common examples of this include hitting of siblings or spouses in private and beating of strangers that cause the slightest bit of inconvenience in public.
In addition lớn all this, children, who are known lớn be excellent imitators, copy whatever they view on the screen. This can result in them bullying other kids in schools. Researches have also revealed that children who are exposed lớn violent movies tend lớn get nightmares more than thở children who are not. Adolescents, in later years, can also face serious psychological problems after viewing movies of psychopaths who kill or harm due lớn irrational reasons. Moreover, another severely negative impact of action movies that display violence is that they instill grave fear in the hearts and minds of the viewers. This fear makes them paranoid and affects how they perceive others’ actions.
According lớn the Cultivation Theory constructed by Professor George Gerbner (1977), Television (TV), films and other truyền thông media play an important role in how people view the world around them. It is a well-known fact that people in the twenty-first century gain most of their information on a day-to-day basis from the truyền thông media. Times have gone when the only source of gaining knowledge for people were personal experiences. In today’s world, people rapidly learn through each other’s experiences and the truyền thông media plays a great role and helping people share these experiences. Thus, this leaves truyền thông media with immense amount of power lớn shape peoples’ sense of reality.
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The cultivation theory also points out that frequent viewing of violent action movies cultivates a sense of the world that is more violent and scarier than thở it is in reality. Gerbner was of the view that the more time spent watching TV, the more likely it became that the viewers started lớn believe the social realities shown on TV lớn be true. Same can be said for movies and especially action movies.
In light of the Cultivation Theory, it can be observed that exposure lớn violence in movies leads lớn the belief that this world is a mean place. This cognitive bias has been termed by social scientists as the Mean World Syndrome. This syndrome is a combination of four types of recurrent behaviours. Firstly, it increases the chances of involvement with violence. Secondly, it develops the fear of walking alone at night. Thirdly, it instills a sense of suspicion of authoritative institutions lượt thích the Police. Fourthly and most importantly, it implants a general mistrust of people. All the above mentioned characteristics are not healthy for any individual lớn possess. On top of that, if there are more than thở dozens of such individuals in society, then the society as a whole cannot possibly be a healthy place lớn live because it will give birth lớn more mentally unhealthy individuals. Consequently, it will become a vicious cycle. There are several examples of movies that cause a general sense of paranoia among members of society who view them. The number of murdered bodies shown in Robocop is 32 and the number climbs up lớn 81 in its sequel. The number of people shown as killed in the movie “Die Hard II” is 264. The Academy Award-winning “Silence of Lambs” is a movie about a sociopath who murders women and skins them.
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In addition lớn all this, some viewers who might connect with the characters in action movies due lớn similar pasts or similar habits may also feel entitled lớn follow the same path as the protagonist in the movie. These viewers might foster violence as a means of conflict resolution. This may lead lớn an escalation in hostile activities undertaken by the viewer(s). As stated initially, extensive research has been conducted on the topic under discussion and many of them have revealed that people who view a lot of action movies tend lớn behave more aggressively. Another important finding is that, the chances of one acting out aggressively are greater right after watching a violent movie than thở after a prolonged period.
To substantiate the arguments given in favour of the statement that “Action movies have a negative impact on viewers” a research study must be taken into trương mục. A research was conducted lớn find out whether frequent and consistent exposure lớn violent movies would result in more tư vấn of violent solutions lớn social problems. The experiment was carried out with 53 male and 40 female college students who were told that they would be shown 5 different movies on five consecutive nights. However, on the fifth night, they were asked lớn take part in a different “project” lớn gain the credit they were promised. The experimenter would tell them after partaking in the “project” whether they possessed good interaction skills or not. Most were given low scores and they felt provoked. After that when asked lớn help their professor in determining whether the newly hired assistants in office should be given financial assistance or not, the students’ answers were in the negative. The researchers found that no matter what type film the students saw, they reacted in a hostile manner. The study concluded that prolonged exposure lớn violent films can escalate hostile behavior in both men and women as it instigated such behavior even in research participants who were unprovoked. The researchers determined that the effect is not short lived, but remains for some time after the viewing of the films. (Weaver and Zillmann, 1999)
To sum up, action movies negatively impact viewers especially the young by making them more aggressive and desensitizing them lớn violence. The cultivation theory supports this view as it hypothesizes that the more people are exposed lớn violent movies, the more likely they are lớn believe the social reality being portrayed in them. There is a great amount of research literature available in tư vấn of the notion that action movies bởi have a negative impact on viewers. The extent of the negative impact, however, varies from person lớn person and from situation lớn situation.